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Microsoft Office codenamed Office 12  is an office suite for Windows , developed and published by Microsoft.
It was officially revealed on March 9, and was the 12th version of Microsoft Office. It was released to manufacturing on November 3, ;  it was subsequently made available to volume license customers on November 30, ,   and later to retail on January 30, ,  shortly after the completion of Windows Vista.
The ninth major release of Office for Windows, Office was preceded by Office and succeeded by Office Office introduced a new graphical user interface called the Fluent User Interface , which uses ribbons and an Office menu instead of menu bars and toolbars. The new formats are intended to facilitate the sharing of information between programs, improve security, reduce the size of documents, and enable new recovery scenarios.
Office is incompatible with Windows and earlier versions of Windows. Office includes new applications and server-side tools, including Microsoft Office Groove , a collaboration and communication suite for smaller businesses, which was originally developed by Groove Networks before being acquired by Microsoft in Also included is SharePoint Server , a major revision to the server platform for Office applications, which supports Excel Services , a client-server architecture for supporting Excel workbooks that are shared in real time between multiple machines, and are also viewable and editable through a web page.
Its designer-oriented counterpart, Microsoft Expression Web , is targeted for general web development. However, neither application has been included in Office software suites. Speech recognition functionality has been removed from the individual programs in the Office suite, as Windows Speech Recognition was integrated into Windows Vista.
Windows XP users must install a previous version of Office to use speech recognition features. Mainstream support for Office ended on October 9, , and extended support ended on October 10, It included an updated user interface, better accessibility support, improvements in the robustness of the platform, and greater functionality. Office was released to volume licensing customers on November 30, , and to the general public on January 30, Since the initial release of Microsoft Office , three service packs containing updates as well as additional features have been released.
Microsoft Office Service Packs are cumulative, so previous Service Packs are not a prerequisite for installation. Microsoft Office Service Pack 1 was released on December 11, Eligible employees of companies with volume license agreements for Microsoft Office receive additional tools, including enterprise content management , electronic forms, Information Rights Management capabilities and copies for use on a home computer.
The new user interface UI , officially known as Fluent User Interface ,   has been implemented in the core Microsoft Office applications: Word , Excel , PowerPoint , Access , and in the item inspector used to create or edit individual items in Outlook.
These applications have been selected for the UI overhaul because they center around document authoring. The Office button, located on the top-left of the window, replaces the File menu and provides access to functionality common across all Office applications, including opening, saving, printing, and sharing a file. It can also close the application.
Users can also choose color schemes for the interface. A notable accessibility improvement is that the Office button follows Fitts’s law. The ribbon , a panel that houses a fixed arrangement of command buttons and icons, organizes commands as a set of tabs , each grouping relevant commands.
The ribbon is not user customizable in Office Each application has a different set of tabs that exposes functions that the application offers. For example, while Excel has a tab for the graphing capabilities, Word does not; instead it has tabs to control the formatting of a text document. Within each tab, various related options may be grouped together.
The ribbon is designed to make the features of the application more discoverable and accessible with fewer mouse clicks  as compared to the menu-based UI used prior to Office Moving the mouse scroll wheel while on any of the tabs on the ribbon cycles—through the tabs.
The ribbon can be minimized by double clicking the active section’s title, such as the Home text in the picture below. Third party add-ins, however, can bring menus and toolbars back to Office or customize the ribbon commands. Some tabs, called Contextual Tabs , appear only when certain objects are selected. Contextual Tabs expose functionality specific only to the object with focus. For example, selecting a picture brings up the Pictures tab, which presents options for dealing with the picture.
Similarly, focusing on a table exposes table-related options in a specific tab. Contextual Tabs remain hidden except when an applicable object is selected. Microsoft Office also introduces a feature called Live Preview , which temporarily applies formatting on the focused text or object when any formatting button is moused-over.
The temporary formatting is removed when the mouse pointer is moved from the button. This allows users to have a preview of how the option would affect the appearance of the object, without actually applying it. The new Mini Toolbar is a small toolbar with basic formatting commands that appears within the document editing area, much like a context menu. When the mouse selects part of the text, Mini Toolbar appears close to selected text. It remains semi-transparent until the mouse pointer is hovered on it, to avoid obstructing what is underneath.
Mini Toolbar is not customizable in Office , but can be turned off. It is customizable, although this feature is limited, compared to toolbars in previous Office versions. Any command available in the entire Office application can be added to the Quick Access toolbar , including commands not available on the ribbon as well as macros.
Keyboard shortcuts for any of the commands on the toolbar are also fully customizable, similar to previous Office versions. SmartArt, found under the Insert tab in the ribbon in PowerPoint, Word, Excel, and Outlook, is a new group of editable and formatted diagrams. There are preset SmartArt graphics layout templates in categories such as list, process, cycle, and hierarchy.
When an instance of a SmartArt is inserted, a Text Pane appears next to it to guide the user through entering text in the hierarchical levels. Each SmartArt graphic, based on its design, maps the text outline, automatically resized for best fit, onto the graphic. There are a number of «quick styles» for each graphic that apply largely different 3D effects to the graphic, and the graphic’s shapes and text can be formatted through shape styles and WordArt styles.
In addition, SmartArt graphics change their colors, fonts, and effects to match the document’s theme. Such files are saved using an extra X letter in their extension. However, it can still save documents in the old format, which is compatible with previous versions. Alternatively, Microsoft has made available a free add-on known as the Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack that lets Office , XP, and open, edit, and save documents created under the newer format.
Files containing macros are saved with an extra M letter in their extension instead. However, due to legal objections from Adobe Systems , Office originally did not offer PDF support out of the box, but rather as a separate free download. Office documents can also be exported as XPS documents. This is part of Service Pack 2 and prior to that, was available as a free plug-in in a separate download. Microsoft backs an open-source effort to support OpenDocument in Office , as well as earlier versions up to Office , through a converter add-in for Word, Excel and PowerPoint, and also a command-line utility.
Section 8. Peter Amstein and the Microsoft Office team are reluctant to make liberal use of extension mechanisms, even though provided in ODF 1. They want to avoid all appearance of an embrace-extend attempt. In Office , Microsoft introduced the Document Inspector , an integral metadata removal tool that strips Word, Excel, and PowerPoint documents of information such as author name and comments and other «metadata». In Microsoft Office , the Office Assistants were eliminated in favour of a new online help system.
One of its features is the extensive use of Super Tooltips, which explain in about one paragraph what each function performs. Some of them also use diagrams or pictures. These appear and disappear like normal tooltips, and replace normal tooltips in many areas. The Help content also directly integrates searching and viewing Office Online articles. Microsoft Office includes features geared towards collaboration and data sharing.
As such, Microsoft Office features server components for applications such as Excel, which work in conjunction with SharePoint Services , to provide a collaboration platform. NET 2. Excel server exposes Excel Services, which allows any worksheet to be created, edited and maintained via web browsers. It features Excel Web Access , the client-side component which is used to render the worksheet on a browser, Excel Calculation Service which is the server side component which populates the worksheet with data and perform calculations, and Excel Web Services that extends Excel functionalities into individual web services.
SharePoint can also be used to host Word documents for collaborative editing , by sharing a document. SharePoint can also be used to hold PowerPoint slides in a Slide Library , from which the slides can be used as a formatting template. It also notifies users of a slide automatically in case the source slide is modified.
Also by using SharePoint, PowerPoint can manage shared review of presentations. Any SharePoint hosted document can be accessed from the application which created the document or from other applications such as a browser or Microsoft Office Outlook. Microsoft Office also includes Groove , which brings collaborative features to a peer-to-peer paradigm.
Groove can host documents, including presentations, workbooks and others, created in Microsoft Office application in a shared workspace, which can then be used in collaborative editing of documents.
Groove can also be used in managing workspace sessions, including access control of the workspace. To collaborate on one or more documents, a Workspace must be created, and then those who are to work on it must be invited. Any file shared on the workspace are automatically shared among all participants. The application also provides real-time messaging, including one-to-one as well as group messaging, and presence features, as well as monitoring workspace activities with alerts, which are raised when pre-defined set of activities are detected.
Groove also provides features for conflict resolution for conflicting edits. Schedules for a collaboration can also be decided by using a built-in shared calendar, which can also be used to keep track of the progress of a project. However, the calendar is not compatible with Microsoft Outlook.
The Document Theme defines the colors, fonts and graphic effects for a document. Almost everything that can be inserted into a document is automatically styled to match the overall document theme creating a consistent document design.
The new Office Theme file format. Similar themes are also available for data reports in Access and Project or shapes in Visio. Quick Styles are galleries with a range of styles based on the current theme. There are quick styles galleries for text, tables, charts, SmartArt, WordArt and more. Microsoft Office Outlook can also include an optional Business Contact Manager included on a separate installation disc in Office Small Business and above which allows management of business contacts and their sales and marketing activities.
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